The Chandrayaan-3 mission is the third lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was launched on July 14, 2023, and is scheduled to land on the Moon on August 23, 2023.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission consists of a lunar orbiter, a lander, and a rover. The orbiter will study the Moon’s surface and atmosphere, while the lander will soft-land on the Moon’s south pole and deploy the rover. The rover will then explore the lunar surface for up to 14 days.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission is designed to address several scientific objectives, including:
- Studying the composition of the Moon’s south pole.
- Searching for water ice on the Moon.
- Investigating the Moon’s geology and history.
- Preparing for future human missions to the Moon.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a major milestone for India’s space program. It is the first Indian mission to attempt a soft landing on the Moon’s south pole. The success of the Chandrayaan-3 mission will help India to become a leading player in lunar exploration.
Here are some of the key features of the Chandrayaan-3 mission:
- The orbiter is a 3.8-ton spacecraft that will orbit the Moon at an altitude of 100 kilometers. It will carry a number of instruments to study the Moon’s surface and atmosphere.
- The lander is a 2.2-ton spacecraft that will soft-land on the Moon’s south pole. It will carry a number of instruments to study the lunar surface and to search for water ice.
- The rover is a 6-wheeled, 26-kilogram spacecraft that will be deployed by the lander. It will explore the lunar surface for up to 14 days.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a complex and challenging undertaking. However, ISRO has a proven track record of success in space exploration. The Chandrayaan-1 mission in 2008 was the first Indian mission to orbit the Moon, and the Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019 was the first Indian mission to attempt a soft landing on the Moon.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a major step forward for India’s space program. It is a bold and ambitious mission that has the potential to make significant contributions to our understanding of the Moon. ISRO is confident that the Chandrayaan-3 mission will be a success.